maasai tribe facts

Beforethey.com. [42], Traditional Maasai lifestyle centres around their cattle, which constitute their primary source of food. 87% were found to have undergone the removal of one or more deciduous canine tooth buds. Maasai Tribe Facts. [62] The Maasai believe that female circumcision is necessary and Maasai men may reject any woman who has not undergone it as either not marriageable or worthy of a much-reduced bride price. 351 views Buchi Prinzy Henry No comment. These are typically red, though with some other colors (e.g. Men are expected to give up their bed to a visiting age-mate guest; however, today this practice is usually abandoned. There exists a strong belief among the Maasai that diarrhea, vomiting and other febrile illnesses of early childhood are caused by the gingival swelling over the canine region, which is thought to contain 'worms' or 'nylon' teeth. Maasai Mara Is Not Just About Mammals. [9] The Maasai and other groups in East Africa have adopted customs and practices from neighboring Cushitic-speaking groups, including the age set system of social organization, circumcision, and vocabulary terms. The knives and blades which make the cut are fashioned by blacksmiths, il-kunono, who make their weapons for the Maasai who do not make their own:(knives, short swords (ol alem or simi or seme), spears, etc.). [94], The mixing of cattle blood, obtained by nicking the jugular vein, and milk is done to prepare a ritual drink for special celebrations and as nourishment for the sick. Here at Listwand, we are devoted to helping Africans and the whole world in general get relevant and valuable African contents ranging from the happenings, tribes, rankings and cultures of peoples of African origin in both Africa and the African diaspora. Nevertheless, killing a lion gives one great value and celebrity status in the community. Bulls, goats, and lambs are slaughtered for meat on special occasions and for ceremonies. Most of the Maasai population lives in Kenya. Additionally, the elders of the tribe often use cattle blood to alleviate intoxication or hangovers after a night of drinking alcohol. The Maasai culture is predominantly patriarchal, with a council of elders overseeing the daily running of the village and administering matters on the basis of an oral body of law. [citation needed] The Maasai population has been reported as numbering 1,189,522 in Kenya in the 2019 census,[1] compared to 377,089 in the 1989 census. They are a fierce warring tribe that is semi nomadic meaning their habits are nomadic but they don’t move constantly from one place to another like nomads. 100 metres). [66] Sexual relations are also banned and there are specific rules applied to pregnant women. These subdivisions are known as 'nations' or 'iloshon' in the Maa language: the Keekonyokie, Damat, Purko, Wuasinkishu, Siria, Laitayiok, Loitai, Kisonko, Matapato, Dalalekutuk, Loodokolani, Kaputiei, Moitanik, Ilkirasha, Samburu, Lchamus, Laikipia, Loitokitoki, Larusa, Salei, Sirinket and Parakuyo. This period was marked by epidemics of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia, rinderpest (see 1890s African rinderpest epizootic), and smallpox. Due to changing circumstances, especially the seasonal nature of the milk supply and frequent droughts, most pastoralists, including the Maasai, now include substantial amounts of grain in their diets. Cattle are the traditional partners of the Maasai people of East Africa. The Maasai, historically a nomadic people, have traditionally relied on readily … In an older age group (3–7 years of age), 72% of the 111 children examined exhibited missing mandibular or maxillary deciduous canines. The Maasai are a Nilotic people indigenous to the African Great Lakes region, with roots that can be traced back to South Sudan. Pink, even with flowers, is not shunned by warriors. This concept was later proven false by anthropologists but is still deeply ingrained in the minds of ecologists and Tanzanian officials. plaid). Garrett Hardin's article, outlining the "tragedy of the commons", as well as Melville Herskovits' "cattle complex" helped to influence ecologists and policy makers about the harm Maasai pastoralists were causing to savannah rangelands. The Maasai are traditionally polygynous; this is thought to be a long-standing and practical adaptation to high infant and warrior mortality rates. 1987. Also, on a regular basis drunk elders, the blood is also used to alleviate intoxication and hangovers. [101], Many Maasai in Tanzania wear simple sandals, which were until recently made from cowhides. Park boundaries and land privatisation has continued to limit grazing area for the Maasai and have forced them to change considerably. Many Maasai began to cultivate maize and other crops to get by, a practice that was culturally viewed negatively. "Kitala", a kind of divorce or refuge, is possible in the house of a wife's father, usually for gross mistreatment of the wife. … A traditional pastoral lifestyle has become increasingly difficult due to outside influences of the modern world. Lion hunting was an activity of the past, but it has been banned in Southeast Africa – yet lions are still hunted when they maul Maasai livestock,[60] and young warriors who engage in traditional lion killing do not face significant consequences. Tepilit Ole Saitoti with photos by Carol Beckwith. Starting with a 1904 treaty,[19] and followed by another in 1911, Maasai lands in Kenya were reduced by 60% when the British evicted them to make room for settler ranches, subsequently confining them to present-day Samburu, Laikipia, Kajiado and Narok districts. Maasai are tribal people who live on the border of Kenya and Tanzania in Africa. Haplogroup B-M60 was also observed in 8% of the studied Maasai,[28] which is also found in 30% (16/53) of Southern Sudanese Nilotes. [15][16], Because of this migration, the Maasai are the southernmost Nilotic speakers. They eat the meat, drink the milk daily, and drink the blood on occasion. Within this space, the family cooks, eats, sleeps, socializes, and stores food, fuel, and other household possessions. They speak the Maa language from the Nilotic ethnic group from their origin in North Africa, the Nile region. [original research? Broken Spears - a Maasai Journey. The number of Maasai in Kenya is estimated to be approximately 800,000, with about the same number living in Tanzania. In the island country of Madagascar, there exists an incredible and little-known form of bullfighting called 'Savika'. To further complicate their situation, in 1975 the Ngorongoro Conservation Area banned cultivation practices. [104] Warriors are the only members of the Maasai community to wear long hair, which they weave in thinly braided strands. One thing, however, is certain that the Maasai culture is quickly eroding at the expense of civilization. The solid porridge is known as ugali and is eaten with milk; unlike the liquid porridge, ugali is not prepared with milk. Page 168. [47], Over the years, many projects have begun to help Maasai tribal leaders find ways to preserve their traditions while also balancing the education needs of their children for the modern world. One myth about the Maasai is that each young man is supposed to kill a lion before he is circumcised. The removal of deciduous canine tooth buds in early childhood is a practice that has been documented in the Maasai of Kenya and Tanzania. (2002). Red beads came from seeds, woods, gourds, bone, ivory, copper, or brass. They are also much more involved in cattle trading than they used to be, developing and improving basic stock through trades and bartering rather than stealing as in the past.[58][59]. White beads were made from clay, shells, ivory, or bone. They live in southern Kenya and northern Tanzania. Human Organization. A full body of oral law covers many aspects of behavior. People drink blood on special occasions. The period of expansion was followed by the Maasai "Emutai" of 1883–1902. However, the supply of iron, niacin, vitamin C, vitamin A, thiamine and energy are never fully met by a purely milk diet. This initiation is performed shortly after puberty. The spread of HIV was rampant. History . [110] When warriors go through the Eunoto, and become elders, their long plaited hair is shaved off. "The technology of traditional milk products in developing countries", "Livestock as food for pastoralists in Africa", "Maasai herding: An analysis of the livestock production system of Maasai pastoralists in eastern Kajiado District, Kenya", "Ethnobotany of the Loita Maasai: towards community management of the Forest of the Lost Child; experiences from the Loita Ethnobotany Project; People and plants working paper; Vol. However, the preferred style is stripes. (2005) tested various Sub-Saharan populations, including 26 Maasai males from Kenya, for paternal lineages. They are considered as the ancestors who inhabit the region. [7] Many Maasai tribes throughout Tanzania and Kenya welcome visits to their villages to experience their culture, traditions, and lifestyle, in return for a fee. The Masai people speak the Maa language. According to the study's authors, the Maasai "have maintained their culture in the face of extensive genetic introgression". page 82. Except for some elders living in rural areas, most Maasai people speak the official languages of Kenya and Tanzania, Swahili and English. It has recently been replaced in some instances by a "cutting with words" ceremony involving singing and dancing in place of the mutilation. The head is tilted back for an inward breath. Beads weren’t the original material used. [84][85] Amongst Maasai males, circumcision is practiced as a ritual of transition from boyhood to manhood. [79]) Warriors are well known for, and often photographed during, this competitive jumping. A herd of 50 cattle is respectable, and the more children the better. One of the most vibrant indigenous societies on the continent, the pastoralist Maasai built an economy and way of life deeply intertwined with their cattle herds in the Great Rift Valley of southern Kenya and northern Tanzania. [98], Shúkà is the Maa word for sheets traditionally worn wrapped around the body. Genetic genealogy, a tool that uses the genes of modern populations to trace their ethnic and geographic origins, has also helped clarify the possible background of the modern Maasai. McCabe, Terrence. By one estimate two-thirds of the Maasai died during this period.[18]. The estimate first put forward by a German lieutenant in what was then northwest Tanganyika, was that 90% of cattle and half of wild animals perished from rinderpest. The Maasai (Masai) could be the most known Kenyan tribe outside Kenya especially for tourists The Maasai (Masai) are more commonly associated with Kenya, but they've been a presence around the Ngorongoro Crater of Tanzania for over a 150 years and are the area's main residents. The Maasai People Arguably the single most iconic tribe in Africa, the Maasai are nomadic pastrolists who traditionally make a living out of herding cattle. Atlantic Monthly Press. In common with the wildlife with which they co-exist, the Maasai need a lot of land. The warriors of the Il-Oodokilani perform a kind of march-past as well as the adumu, or aigus, sometimes referred as "the jumping dance" by non-Maasai. Small livestock are also often accommodated within the enkaji. Elizabeth L. Gilbert. Young men will form a line and chant rhythmically, "Oooooh-yah", with a growl and staccato cough along with the thrust and withdrawal of their lower bodies. Formal capital punishment is unknown, and normally payment in cattle will settle matters. [20] Maasai in Tanganyika (now mainland Tanzania) were displaced from the fertile lands between Mount Meru and Mount Kilimanjaro, and most of the fertile highlands near Ngorongoro in the 1940s. An out-of-court process is also practiced called amitu, 'to make peace', or arop, which involves a substantial apology. The root or stem bark is boiled in water and the decoction drunk alone or added to soup. Maasai culture is centred around the belief that God (called Engai, or Enkai, in the tribe’s Maa language) created cattle especially for them, and they are the custodians of all the world’s cattle. 1987. Leather is used to fashion Maasai shields. They passed through the highlands of Kenya and past Lake Turkana, finally settling on the savannah grass plains of what is today southern Kenya and northern Tanzania. The Maasai rarely farm (they only do so when they have no other choice). In particular the Maasai had a very low 0.4% of bone caries. This belief and practice is not unique to the Maasai. Further study with carbon-14 tracers showed that the average cholesterol level was about 50 percent of that of an average American. Even though it not easy to ignore the influence of the outside world and modern culture, the Maasai have adapted uniquely, integrating modern ways of life with their culture. Execution and slavery are unknown in Maasai society, and arguments are usually settled via cattle payment. Livestock such as cattle, goats and sheep are the primary source of income for the Maasai. In the summer of 1935 Dr. Weston A. … Page 169. The Maasai were originally a Nilo-Saharan people centred around the area of what is today Sudan. Maasai. They have demanded grazing rights to many of the national parks in both countries. Maasai homes are called Inkajijik. Vol 62.2. pp. [24], Essentially there are twenty-two geographic sectors or sub tribes of the Maasai community, each one having its own customs, appearance, leadership and dialects. Camerapix Publishers International. For the most part, the Maasai people live on the milk and meat their … [41] Burial has in the past been reserved for great chiefs, since it is believed to be harmful to the soil. They are rectangular and loaf-shaped and constructed from the land. [100] Maasai near the coast may wear kikoi, a type of sarong that comes in many different colors and textiles. The authors observed haplogroup E1b1b-M35 (not M78) in 35% of the studied Maasai. Polyandry is also practiced. Today, they have a political role as well due to the elevation of leaders. The Last of the Maasai. No inner kraal is built, since warriors neither own cattle nor undertake stock duties. Page 55. Although the Maasai have strongly gripped their traditional beliefs, their culture is uniquely transforming over the years. Women are also circumcised (as described above). 1991) shows a very great change in the diet of the Maasai towards non-livestock products with maize comprising 12–39 percent and sugar 8–13 percent; about one litre of milk is consumed per person daily. Married women who become pregnant are excused from all heavy work such as milking and gathering firewood. [64] These circumcisions are usually performed by an invited 'practitioner' who is often not Maasai, usually from a Dorobo group. This bead work plays an essential part in the ornamentation of their body. Traditionally, the Maasai rely on meat, milk and blood from cattle for protein and caloric needs. [105], Upon reaching the age of 3 "moons", the child is named and the head is shaved clean apart from a tuft of hair, which resembles a cockade, from the nape of the neck to the forehead. Mohamed Amin, Duncan Willetts, John Eames. Facts about Masai Mara tell you about a large game reserve located in Narok County, Kenya. They are one of the very few tribes who have retained most of their traditions, lifestyle and lore. Kenya Mafia jig-s", "Lion Killing in the Amboseli-Tsavo Ecosystem, 2001–2006, and its Implications for Kenya's Lion Population", "Maasai Ritual of Female Circumcision: Genital Cutting Practiced throughout Africa and Middle East", "In-depth: Razor's Edge - The Controversy of Female Genital Mutilation", "Legislating Change? These findings were ascribed to the amazing fitness of morans, which was evaluated as "Olympic standard". In their worldview, the creator god Enkai sent the cattle sliding down a rope from the … Maasai. An ILCA study (Nestel 1989) states: "Today, the stable diet of the Maasai consists of cow's milk and maize-meal. [9] Most Nilotic speakers in the area, including the Maasai, the Turkana and the Kalenjin, are pastoralists, and are famous for their fearsome reputations as warriors and cattle-rustlers. Swarms of vultures followed them from high, awaiting their certain victims." Though the Maasai's entire way of life has historically depended on their cattle, more recently with their cattle dwindling, the Maasai have grown dependent on food such as sorghum, rice, potatoes and cabbage (known to the Maasai as goat leaves).[45]. [92], Soups are probably the most important use of plants for food by Maasai. Any child which may result is the husband's child and his descendant in the patrilineal order of Maasai society. For Maasai, life revolves around amassing and grazing large herds of cows (and to a lesser extent, goats). In 1989 census, the population was only 377,089 people. However, today this practice is usually abandoned. Tepilit Ole Saitoti with photos by Carol Beckwith. Girls are responsible for chores such as cooking and milking, skills which they learn from their mothers at an early age. The Maasai - Five Facts About the Kenyan Tribe - Pembury Tours Although there are variations in the meaning of the color of the beads, some general meanings for a few colors are: white, peace; blue, water; red, warrior/blood/bravery. Atlantic Monthly Press. The Maasai (/ˈmɑːsaɪ, mɑːˈsaɪ/)[3][4] are a Nilotic ethnic group inhabiting northern, central and southern Kenya and northern Tanzania. Here are 10 Interesting Facts About The Maasai Tribe: 1) It is spelled Maasai. Blood is part of the Maasai diet. The Maasai have a population of about 1 million people. The Maasai women regularly weave and bead jewellery. A woman marries not just her husband but the entire age group. They have to sell their animals and traditional medicines in order to buy food. [8], The Maasai inhabit the African Great Lakes region and arrived via the South Sudan. Wealth is … The Maasai pray to Engai as a spiritual force that governs the universe. The mothers of the moran sing and dance in tribute to the courage and daring of their sons.[81]. Kenya recognizes over fifty tribes of native people. Maasai land now has East Africa's finest game areas. 2003. 1987. The Maasai Tribe . The Maasai tribe is a group of Nilotic people that originated from South Sudan. The piercing and stretching of earlobes is common among the Maasai as with other tribes. Originated in North Africa Maasai people migrated to the south and east in the … The Maasai are fond of taking this as a drug, and is known to make them energetic, aggressive and fearless. The Maasai Tribe have not had an easy life. Masai Tribe Height is considered to be one of the tallest people in the world, ranging to 6 ft 3 inches. posted on Jun. Because the Maasai do not believe in the afterlife, their burial practices are traditionally very minimalistic. Camerapix Publishers International. They occupy a total land area of 160,000 square kilometers with a population of approximately one half million people. A nomad is a person who does not stay long in the same place. Nonetheless, if you asked me to list Maasai Tribe facts, I would be at a loss. Maasai is essentially a linguistic term, referring to speakers of this Eastern Sudanic language (usually called Maa) of the Nilo-Saharan language family. Common rhythms are variations of 5/4, 6/4 and 3/4 time signatures. The natural reserve is called Masai Mara to honor the Maasai Tribe. Facts about Maasai Tribe of Kenya page 136. [80], The girlfriends of the moran (intoyie) parade themselves in their most spectacular costumes as part of the eunoto. However, red is a favored colour. A circle is formed by the warriors, and one or two at a time will enter the center to begin jumping while maintaining a narrow posture, never letting their heels touch the ground. Cotton or wool threads may be used to lengthen hair. 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