british overseas territories list

List of Commonwealth countries, British Overseas Territories, British Crown Dependencies and EU member states . The UK's mainland consists of the island of Great Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales) and Northern Ireland. [1][2] They are remnants of the British Empire and do not form part of the United Kingdom itself. Governed by the Crown as the Head of State, currently Queen Elizabeth II, representatives are appointed in each territory to exercise the monarch’s executive power. The British Overseas Territories generally look after their own policing matters and have their own police forces. United States dollar (accepted unofficially on Ascension Island)[citation needed], United States dollar Territories with military bases or responsibilities may also have "Overseas Service Police", members of the British or Commonwealth Armed Forces. Its offshoot, Bermuda, was settled inadvertently after the wrecking of the Virginia company's flagship there in 1609, with the Virginia Company's charter extended to officially include the archipelago in 1612. The United Kingdom (UK) is an island nation located in Western Europe. Most British Overseas Territories are self-governing but rely on the UK in crucial matters of foreign policy etc. (Redirected from List of universities in British Overseas Territories) This is a list of universities in the United Kingdom (alphabetical by substantive name). Foreign affairs of the overseas territories are handled by the FCO in London. They include: The 14 British overseas territories use a varied assortment of currencies, including the Euro, British pound, United States dollar, New Zealand dollar, or their own currencies, which may be pegged to one of these. Spain has contested British control of Gibraltar since it was cede… This reclassified the UK's dependent territories as overseas territories and, with the exception of those people solely connected with the Sovereign Base Areas of Cyprus, restored full British citizenship to their inhabitants.[44]. A Commissioner has the same powers as a Governor, but also acts as the head of government. Although the Crown dependencies of Jersey, Guernsey, and the Isle of Man are also under the sovereignty of the British monarch, they are in a different constitutional relationship with the United Kingdom. [86], The three regions of biodiversity hotspots situated in the British Overseas Territories are the Caribbean Islands, the Mediterranean Basin and the Oceania ecozone in the Pacific. British Virgin Islands 6. English colonisation of North America began officially in 1607 with the settlement of Jamestown, the first successful permanent colony in Virginia (a term that was then applied generally to North America). Some territories maintain diplomatic officers in nearby countries for trade and immigration purposes. Cayman Islands 7. British Antarctic Territory 4. Britain provides financial assistance to the overseas territories via the Department for International Development. financial contribution to recurrent funding). Defence of the Overseas Territories is the responsibility of the UK. [35] The United Kingdom participates in the Antarctic Treaty System[36] and, as part of a mutual agreement, the British Antarctic Territory is recognised by four of the six other sovereign nations making claims to Antarctic territory. [citation needed] Several specialist funds are made available by the UK, including: The territories have no official representation in the UK Parliament, but have informal representation through the All-Party Parliamentary Group,[60] and can petition the UK Government through the Directgov e-Petitions website. At the other end of the scale, three territories have no civilian population; the Antarctic territory, the British Indian Ocean Territory (from which the Chagos Islanders were controversially removed) and South Georgia. Antigua and Barbuda Kenya Samoa Australia Kiribati Seychelles The Bahamas Lesotho Sierra Leone Bangladesh Malawi Singapore Barbados Malaysia Solomon Islands Belize Maldives South Africa Botswana Malta Sri Lanka Brunel Darussalam … The territories are members of the Commonwealth of Nations through the United Kingdom. Most countries do not recognise the sovereignty claims of any other country, including Britain's, to Antarctica and its off-shore islands. Llanito. Early colonies, in the sense of English subjects residing in lands hitherto outside the control of the English government, were generally known as "Plantations". These include maritime commerce, settlement of the continent and of the West Indies, and the projection of naval power via the colony's privateers, among other areas.[39][40]. Anguilla 2. It’s most prominent feature is the Rock of Gibraltar which is a large rock which dominates the entrance to the Mediterranian Sea. List of Commonwealth countries, British Overseas Territories, British Crown Dependencies and EU member states . The British originally took control of Gibraltar to control shipping and out of the Mediterranean Sea. The British Antarctic Territory is a section of the Antarctic under the jurisdiction of the UK. [90], A Stoplight Parrotfish in Princess Alexandra Land and Sea National Park, Providenciales, Turks and Caicos Islands, Click on a coloured area to see an article about English in that country or region, "BOTs" redirects here. The, There is no elected government. In addition, there are 14 overseas territories of Britain that are remnants of former British colonies. United States dollar (widely circulated and accepted universally)[citation needed], Cayman Islands dollar (pegged to US dollar at 1KYD=1.2USD), New Zealand dollar United States dollar (accepted unofficially in most establishments)[citation needed], Gibraltar pound (parity with pound sterling) The qualifying territories are: 1. [45], Each overseas territory has its own legal system independent of the United Kingdom. From 1949 to 1983, the nationality status of Citizenship of UK and Colonies (CUKC) was shared by residents of the UK proper and residents of overseas territories, although most residents of overseas territories lost their automatic right to live in the UK after the ratification of Commonwealth Immigrants Act 1968 that year unless they were born in the UK proper or had a parent or a grandparent born in the UK. The role of the Governor is to act as the de facto head of state, and they are usually responsible for appointing the head of government, and senior political positions in the territory. British overseas territories: an overview. Im Jahr 2002 verabschiedete das Parlament des Vereinigten Königreiches den British … The UK exerts its formal control through a governor of each territory, appointed by the British Monarch. The United Kingdom Overseas Territories Association (UKOTA) also represents the interests of the territories in London. The British Overseas Territories are also referred to as overseas territories of the United Kingdom, UK overseas territories, or when the context is clear, … The British Overseas Territories (BOT) or alternatively, United Kingdom Overseas Territories (UKOTs), are 14 territories under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom. Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 12. It has a long history of worldwide exploration and it is known for its historic colonies around the world. Die Britischen Überseegebiete (englisch British Overseas Territories) sind 14 (Stand: 2010)[1] Gebiete, die nicht Teil des Vereinigten Königreiches Großbritannien und Nordirland sind, aber unter dessen Souveränität stehen. [citation needed] The vast majority of this land area constitutes the almost uninhabited British Antarctic Territory, while the two largest territories by population, the Cayman Islands and Bermuda, account for about half of the total BOT population. Great Britain used to control a quarter of the world, but today, they control a single autonomous region and 14 Overseas Territories. The term "British Overseas Territory" was introduced by the British Overseas Territories Act 2002, replacing the term British Dependent Territory, introduced by the British Nationality Act 1981. It retains strong cultural ties with Britain. Akrotiri and Dhekelia and Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha are the only British overseas territories without their own flag, though Saint Helena, Ascension Island and Tristan da Cunha have their own individual flags. Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands and the Cayman Islands are the only British Overseas Territories with recognised National Olympic Committees (NOCs); the British Olympic Association is recognised as the appropriate NOC for athletes from the other territories, and thus athletes who hold a British passport are eligible to represent Great Britain at the Olympic Games. They are the parts of the British Empire that have not been granted independence or have voted to remain British territories. In territories without a permanent population, a Commissioner is usually appointed to represent the Queen. [61], Two national parties, UKIP and the Liberal Democrats, have endorsed calls for direct representation of overseas territories in the UK Parliament, as well as backbench members of the Conservative Party and Labour Party.[62][63]. Introduction. Instead, they are those parts of the former British Empire that have not acquired independence, or, unlike the Commonwealth realms, have voted to remain British territories. The Cayman Islands are a British overseas territory, listed by the UN Special Committee of 24 as one of the last non-self-governing territories. It has been accepted by FIFA and went into the 2018 FIFA World Cup qualifying, where they achieved 0 points. BAT was formed on March 3, 1962, although the UK claimed it both in 1908 and 1917. A 20-seat Legislative Assembly is elected by the people every four years to handle domestic affairs. Euro (accepted unofficially in most establishments)[citation needed] BRITISH OVERSEAS TERRITORIES . Montserrat 10. The governors of the territories may also allow naturalization of non-BOTCs as BOTCs. There is no native or permanent population; therefore there is no elected government. Gibraltar was not a member of the European Union in its own right, having had its representation in the European Parliament through its Members from South West England. Commonwealth countries. These territories are current British overseas territories from their formation on 1 January 1983. [43] With 1997 approaching, the United Kingdom and China negotiated the Sino-British Joint Declaration, which led to the whole of Hong Kong becoming a "special administrative region" of China in 1997, subject to various conditions intended to guarantee the preservation of Hong Kong's capitalist economy and its way of life under British rule for at least 50 years after the handover. Three are inhabited only by a transitory population of military or scientific personnel. Commonwealth countries1. Most of the languages other than English spoken in the territories contain a large degree of English, either as a root language, or in codeswitching, e.g. The clock is ticking, and all eyes are on London. They all have the British monarch as head of state. Amidst the mass decolonization of the British Rule some of the colonies remained under British Monarchy, formulating eventually into the British Overseas Territories. The governments in both London and territories occasionally meet to mitigate or resolve disagreements over the process of governance in the territories and levels of autonomy.[59]. And if you insist on having the Isle of Man and the "Channel Islands", although they are NOT overseas territories, then you should show them as Guernsey and Jersey - they are separate from each other despite their geographical proximity. "BOTs" redirects here. The current Constitution, incorporating a Bill of Rights, was ordained by a statutory instrument of the United Kingdom in 2009. Turks and Caicos Islands The following is a list of the 14 British Overseas Territories arranged by land area. Missing several answers, such as Saba, St Eustatius, St Maarten, Aruba, Madeira, Azores, Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, … Five nations contest, with counter-claims, the UK's sovereignty in the following overseas territories: None of the overseas territories has its own nationality status, and most residents hold two forms of British nationality: British Overseas Territories citizenship (BOTC) and British citizenship. Most British Overseas Territories are self-governing but rely on the UK in crucial matters of foreign policy etc. Montserrat The structure of the government appears to be closely correlated to the size and political development of the territory. Pitcairn Islands, settled by the survivors of the Mutiny on the Bounty, is the smallest settled territory with 49 inhabitants, while the smallest by land area is Gibraltar on the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula. [67] This restored the right of abode in the UK to residents of overseas territories after a 34-year hiatus from 1968 to 2002. Traditionally, the flags follow the Blue Ensign design, with the Union Flag in the canton, and the territory's coat of arms in the fly. Some colonies became Commonwealth realms, retaining the British monarch as their own head of state. Pound sterling (de jure)[76][77]. [57], In 2012, the FCO published The Overseas Territories: security, success and sustainability which set out Britain's policy for the Overseas Territories, covering six main areas:[58], Britain and the overseas territories do not have diplomatic representations, although the governments of the overseas territories with indigenous populations all retain a representative office in London. The Governor is the head of government and leads the Executive Council, consisting of appointed members made up from the Legislative Council and two, These territories have a House of Assembly, Legislative Assembly (Cayman Islands and Montserrat), with political parties. 1. The Executive Council is usually called a cabinet and is led by a, Bermuda, settled in 1609, and self-governed since 1620, is the oldest of the Overseas Territories. Bermuda and Bermudians have played important, sometimes pivotal, but generally underestimated or unacknowledged roles in the shaping of the English and British trans-Atlantic Empires. Some territories may have other forces beyond the main territorial police, for instance an airport police, such as Airport Security Police (Bermuda), or a defence police force, such as the Gibraltar Defence Police. The Good Government Fund which provides assistance on government administration; The Economic Diversification Programme Budget which aim to diversify and enhance the economic bases of the territories. Individual overseas territories have legislative independence over immigration, and consequently, BOTC status does not automatically grant the right of abode in any of the territories, as it depends on the territory's immigration laws. The long-running dispute was referred in 2017 to the International Court of Justice, which issued an advisory opinion on 25 February 2019 which supported the position of the Government of Mauritius. A British Overseas Territory is one of fourteen territories which the United Kingdom considers to be under its sovereignty, but not as part of the United Kingdom itself. Gibraltar 9. Gibraltar was a fortress which was never conquered while under British control. [65] In 1983, CUKC status of residents of overseas territories without the right of abode in the UK was replaced by British Dependent Territories citizenship (BDTC) in the newly minted British Nationality Act 1981, a status that does not come with it the right of abode in the UK or any overseas territory. [84][85] Gibraltar's Gorham's Cave Complex is also found on the UK's tentative UNESCO World Heritage Site list. [82] There are at least 180 endemic plant species in the overseas territories as opposed to only 12 on the UK mainland. Falkland Islands 8. [45], All the overseas territories have their own system of government, and localised laws. Sie liegen zum größten Teil außerhalb Europas und sind mit Ausnahme Gibraltars nicht Teil der Europäischen Union. 1 Part of the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha. Flag of the United Kingdom Pitcairn Islands 11. The growth of the British Empire in the 19th century, to its territorial peak in the 1920s, saw Britain acquire nearly one quarter of the world's land mass, including territories with large indigenous populations in Asia and Africa. Many of the overseas territories are used as military bases by the UK and its allies. The UK exerts its formal control through a governor of each territory, appointed by the British Monarch. British Empire, a worldwide system of dependencies— colonies, protectorates, and other territories—that over a span of some three centuries was brought under the sovereignty of the crown of Great Britain and the administration of the British government. From the mid-nineteenth century to the early twentieth century, the larger settler colonies – in Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa – first became self-governing colonies and then achieved independence in all matters except foreign policy, defence and trade. Pound sterling (widely circulated and accepted universally)[citation needed] Euro (accepted unofficially in most establishments)[citation needed], Saint Helenian pound (parity with pound sterling) There is no elected government, as there is no native settled population. Proctor, Wade-Fray and Cassar qualified for Team GB, with Williams missing the cut, however wishing to represent the UK in 2016.[80][81]. Overseas citizens held concurrent European Union citizenship, having given them rights of free movement across all EU member states. Level 45. As a British overseas territory, the British Virgin Islands must implement all international sanctions that are extended to it through legislative action by the UK government. 1.1 The status of "British Dependent Territory" was created by the BNA 1981 and, by virtue of a connection with such a place, a person may be or become a BDTC under Part II of the 1981 Act. The fourteen British Overseas Territories are territories under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom.They do not, however, form part of it. [41] Most former colonies and protectorates became member states of the Commonwealth of Nations, a non-political, voluntary association of equal members, comprising a population of around 2.2 billion people.[42]. Since they are separate jurisdictions, there is no British Overseas Territories’ representation in the British parliament. 1. The legal system is generally based on English common law, with some distinctions for local circumstances. Responsibility for protection of biodiversity and meeting obligations under international environmental conventions is shared between the UK Government and the local governments of the territories. For reference, their populations and capital cities have also been included. The head of state in the overseas territories is the British monarch, Elizabeth II. In addition, there are 14 overseas territories … However, territorial claims on the continent may not currently be advanced, under the holding measures of the Antarctic Treaty System. Each overseas territory has been granted its own flag and coat of arms by the British monarch. Below that are lists of university colleges and other recognised bodies (institutions with degree awarding powers), followed by a list of defunct institutions. Full British citizenship[64] has been granted to most 'belongers' of overseas territories (mainly since the British Overseas Territories Act 2002). United States dollar (accepted unofficially)[72]Pound sterling is also accepted. The protected area would be 234,291 square kilometers, half of which would be closed to fishing. The British Overseas Territories (BOTs), also known as United Kingdom Overseas Territories (UKOTs), are fourteen territories all with a constitutional and historical link with the United Kingdom. The Gibraltar national football team was accepted into UEFA in 2013 in time for the 2016 European Championships. For the smaller territories, the UK may appoint a UK-based lawyer or judge to work on legal cases. It is geographically the largest of the 14 British Overseas Territories with an area of 660,000 square miles. Currently (2019) all but two Governors are either career diplomats or have worked in other Civil Service departments. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. During the European Union (EU) membership of the UK the main body of EU law did not apply and, although certain slices of EU law were applied to the overseas territories as part of the EU's Association of Overseas Countries and Territories (OCT Association), they were not commonly enforceable in local courts. The territorial evolution of the British Empire is considered to have begun with the foundation of the English colonial empire in the late 16th century. Permanent residency for the approximately 7,000 civilians living in the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia is limited to citizens of the Republic of Cyprus[citation needed]. The territory includes three regions which were administered independently as part of the Falkland Islands before 1962. For these residents, registration as full British citizens then required physical residence in the UK proper. The Overseas territories Elizabeth Land in honor of the Commonwealth of Nations through the United Kingdom 2009. For its historic colonies around the world Europas und sind mit Ausnahme Gibraltars nicht Teil der Europäischen Union England Scotland... 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